Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from a number of connected sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but from time to time also for lounging,[two] also by both of those sexes. More frequently, pajamas may perhaps check with quite a few clothes, for equally daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving variants of fashion and materials.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The first pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Organization rule in India.[eight]
The throughout the world use of pajamas (the phrase as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth centuries, plus the British impact on the wider Western environment in the course of the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early since the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they before long fell out of manner. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main half with the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a style in Britain as well as Western globe as sleeping attire for men until finally the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is employed by various individuals in India e.g. by Girls of assorted classes, by Sikh Males, and most by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It absolutely was adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans as an write-up of dishabille and of evening attire, and is also synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is possible that we English took the behavior similar to a fantastic a lot of Many others with the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is now Employed in London retailers. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn zenske pidzame Street, some on forty many years ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas experienced toes sewn on to them (as was from time to time the situation with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it really is due to the White Ants."
Common pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants combination made of soft cloth, for example flannel or light-weight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor typically features a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of individuals choose to sleep or lounge in only the pajama pants, possibly using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for guys and boys tend to be marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas in many cases are known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night fits.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (also referred to as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, made to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but pidzame within the early 20-initial century These are instead rare.
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Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are various variants in style including small sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various size,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating several products. Chiefly within the US, stretch-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Usually worn by little ones, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, while in the US, they have got from time to time involved the latter for a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of limited gown best more than shorts or brief trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may possibly nowadays consult with Females's combination daywear, specifically in the US where by they became popular during the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.